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Hardwood Species

Below you will find descriptions and photos of hardwood species we commonly work with.  Please note that the pictures may not entirely reflect the qualities or coloration of the wood.  For a better idea of the actual look of the wood, visit one of our two our showrooms or call to request a sample (a fee may be charged for shipping and handling).


Follow links to each species: Other species coming soon!


Fir Red Oak Ipe
Ash Hard Maple S. Yellow Pine

Yellow Poplar

Beech Heart Pine Teak  
Birch Hickory Walnut  
Brazilian Cherry/Jatoba Mahogany Wenge  
Butternut Merbau White Oak  
Cherry Purpleheart    
Cypress Red Elm    



(Alnus rubra)



(Fraxinus americana)



(Fagus grandiofolia)



(Betula spp.)


Ash flooring


Beech flooring


Birch paneling

Heartwood whitish when first cut then ages to a light reddish-brown color.  Grain is straight with limited variance and has a similar appearance to cherry, birch, & maple.  Knotty alder is commonly used as a rustic look in cabinets and mouldings.  Commonly used as a less expensive substitute for cherry.  

Heartwood is light tan or pale yellow to dark brown; sapwood is eggshell white. Similar grain patterns as those found in Red & White Oak. Grain is bold, straight, moderately open with occasional wavy figuring.  2% harder than Northern Red Oak. Stains well.

  Heartwood is reddish-brown with conspicuous rays and tiny pores.  Grain is straight with a fine, even texture.  Commonly used for floors and in cabinet- and furniture-making.  1% harder than Northern Red Oak.   Yellow birch and sweet birch (browns and reds) are common.  Wide range of color with light yellow sapwood and reddish-brown heartwood, although when stained will not show a marked difference.  Grain is straight and tight, with fine, even texture.  2% softer than Northern Red Oak.

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Brazilian Cherry (Hymenaea courbaril)



(Juglans cinera)



(Prunus serotina)



(Callitris glauca)

Brazilian Cherry (Jatoba) flooring


Butternut paneling

  Cherry paneling  

Cypress flooring

Heartwood is salmon red to orange-brown when fresh and darkens to russet or reddish brown when seasoned.  Often marked with dark streaks.  Grain is interlocked with a medium to coarse texture.  82% harder than Northern Red Oak.  

Heartwood is medium to dark brown; sapwood is white to tan.  Grain is similar to Walnut.  Known also as "white walnut.Straight grained with coarse, but soft texture.  62% softer than Northern Red Oak.


  Heartwood varies from light to dark red or reddish brown. Sapwood ranges from creamy white to light pink. Similar grain pattern to Maple. Grain is fine, frequently wavy with uniform texture, & may have some gum pockets.  Reddens with age.  26% softer than Northern Red Oak.  Used commonly to accent rooms with borders strips or moulding.   Heartwood is honey-gold to brown with dark knots; sapwood is cream-colored.  High degree of color variability overall.  Grain is closed.  6% harder than Northern Red Oak.  Excellent stability and durability.

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Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)


Hard Maple

(Acer saccharum)


Heart Pine

(Pinus spp.)



(Carya spp.)

Douglas Fir flooring  

Hard maple paneling demonstrating bird's-eye and curly boards


Image coming soon

  Hickory paneling

Heartwood is yellowish tan to light brown and similar to southern yellow pine; sapwood is tan to white. Exposure to sunlight causes reddening.  Grain is straight with occasional wavy or spiral texture.  Fir floors often mixed with larch.  49% softer than Northern Red Oak.

  Heartwood is creamy white to reddish brown, sapwood is pale to creamy white.  Similar grain pattern to Cherry.  Grain is closed, subdued with medium figuring and uniform texture.  Occasional boards show quilting, curly, or bird’s-eye figuring, as seen in photo above.  12% harder than Northern Red Oak.  Commonly used in bowling alleys and basketball courts.  Does not stain evenly.   Heartwood is yellow after cutting and turns deep pinkish tan to warm reddish brown within weeks.  Sapwood remains yellow with occasional blue-black sap stain.  Grain is dense with high figuring.  5% softer than Northern Red Oak.   Heartwood is tan or reddish, sapwood is white to cream with fine brown lines.  Grain is closed with moderate definition, somewhat rough-textured. 41% harder than Northern Red Oak. 

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(Myroxylon balsamum)



(Intsia spp.)


Purpleheart (Peltogyne spp.)


Red Elm

(Ulmus rubra)


Image coming soon



Image coming soon



Image coming soon



Red Elm paneling

Color is dark reddish brown.  Grain shows striped figuring in quartersawn with even, fine texture overall.  71% harder than Northern Red Oak.


  Heartwood is yellowish to orange-brown when freshly cut, turning brown or dark red-brown upon exposure.  Grain is straight to interlocked or wavy with coarse texture.  49% harder than Northern Red Oak.  

Heartwood is deep purple-violet, maturing to a dark brown.  Grain is straight but often irregular, wavy, and sometimes interlocked.  44% harder than Northern Red oak.

  Heartwood is reddish brown to dark brown, sapwood is greyish white to light brown.  Grain can be straight, often interlocked.  Coarse texture. 34% softer than Northern Red Oak.

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Red Oak

(Quercus rubra)


Southern Yellow Pine (Pinus palustris)



(Tectona grandis)



(Juglans nigra)

Red Oak flooring


Southern Yellow Pine flooring

  Teak flooring  

Walnut door

Heartwood and sapwood are similar; sapwood is slightly lighter in color, generally red in tone.  Grain is open with plumed or flared grain, similar to Ash and White Oak. Commonly rift- or quarter-sawn. Stains well. Generally considered the “traditional” hardwood for flooring, cabinets, and trim due to availability.  Used as benchmark in hardness ratings.

  Heartwood varies from light yellow-orange to reddish brown or yellowish brown.  Sapwood is light tan to yellowish white.  Grain is closed with high figuring; patterns range from clear to knotty. 33-47% softer than Northern Red Oak depending on species.


  Heartwood varies from yellow-brown to dark golden brown, turning rich brown under sunlight exposure.  Sapwood is light cream color.  Grain is straight and coarse with uneven texture.  22% softer than Northern Red Oak.   Heartwood ranges from a light brown to deep, rich dark brown to purplish black; sapwood is nearly white to tan.  Grain is mostly straight and open, some boards have burled or curly grain.  22% softer than Northern Red Oak.  Commonly used as highlight material for borders or other inlay techniques. 

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(Millettia laurenti)


White Oak

(Quercus alba)



White oak door and moulding (featuring quarter-sawn lumber)


More wood species and styles will be added over time.



Heartwood is very dark and dense with a coarse grain and a pattern of nearly black grains separated by dark brown.  Sapwood is distinct and pale yellow.  Native African wood.  Used commonly in instrument making and woodturning due to stability and deep color.   Heartwood is light brown to dark brown, some boards may have a slight grayish tint; sapwood is white to cream. Grain pattern is open with plumed or flared appearance, similar to Ash & Red Oak but with longer rays than Red Oak. Commonly rift- or quarter-sawn. 5% harder than Northern Red Oak. Common in antique furniture, especially quarter-sawn (door above shown in quarter-sawn).  

Keep checking back, or contact us to request addition of a particular species.



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Link to National Wood Flooring Association

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Main Office/Mill: P.O. Box 620 ~ 93173 Hwy 93 ~ Arlee, MT  59821~ Phone: (406) 726-2008 ~ Fax: (406) 726-2007



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